4Malaria and the Anopheles Mosquito
Does the exclamation "Gotcha!" sound familiar? Many of us think of the mosquito as nothing more than an annoyance that makes us itch and a challenge to squash as it sucks the life blood from our very being. However, more than 40% of the world's population lives in malaria infested regions and 300-500 million people are infected annually. Malaria is a deadly disease caused by the parasite (genus Plasmodium) which is transmitted to humans through the female anopheles mosquito.
Other mosquito species cause yellow fever. See a picture of the yellow fever mosquito.
Beginning in 1999, outbreaks of yet another mosquito transmitted disease, the West Nile, began to be documented in the U.S.
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